ChemistryGeneral Chemistry 2

General Chemistry 2: Table of Contents

 

Energy & Enthalpy

   1. Thermodynamics

   2. Energy (E)

   3. Chemical vs. Physical Processes

   4. Conservation of Energy

   5. 1st Law of Thermodynamics

   6. Formula for Work (w)

   7. Formulas for Heat Flow (q)

   8. Energy (E) and Enthalpy (H)

   9. Molar Quantiities

  10. Calorimetry

  11. Relation between deltaH and deltaE

  12. State Functions vs. Path Functions

  13. Thermochemical Equations

  14. Hess' Law

 

Entropy & Gibbs Free Energy

   1. Spontaneous vs. Non-Spontaneous

   2. 2nd Law of Thermodynamics

   3. Standard Molar Entropies (S0)

   4. 3rd Law of Thermodynamics

   5. Qualitative Discussion of Molar Entropies

   6. Relation between deltaS and deltaH for Phase Changes

   7. Formula for S

   8. Gibbs Free Energy (G)

   9. deltaG = deltaH0 - TdeltaS0 and Spontaneity

  10. Some Further Features of deltaG 

     

Kinetics

   1. Introduction

   2. Relative Rates

   3. Rate Laws

   4. More Experimental Kinetics: Method of Initial Rates

   5. Reaction Mechanisms

   6. Arrhenius Equation

 

Equilibrium

   1. "Rough Idea" of Equilibrium

   2. Equilibrium Constant Keq and Equilibrium Expression

   3. Equilibrium and Thermodynamics

   4. Le Chatelier's Principle

   5. Effect of Temperature on Equilibrium

   6. Solving Equilibrium Problems

   7. Solving Equilibrium Problems when Keq is Very Big

 

Solutions II

   1. Concentration

   2. Henry's Law

   3. Solubility & Intermolecular Forces

   4. Solubility Equilibria & Thermodynamics

   5. Colligative Properties

 

Acids & Bases II

   1. Summary of pH pOH pKa Ka pKb Kb

   2. Summary of Acid/Base Conjugate Pairs

   3. Summary of Acid/Base Reactions involving Water

   4. Weak Acid/H2O Reactions

   5. Weak Base/H2O Reactions

   6. Acid Strength & Stability

   7. Factors Affecting Acid Strength

 

Buffers & Titrations

   1. Preliminaries

   2. Buffers

   3. Titrations

 

Solubility Equilibria (Ksp)

   1. Solubility Equilibria

   2. Calculations for Solubility Equilibria

   3. Q versus Ksp

   4. Common Ion Effect

   5. Selective Precipitation

   6. Effect of pH on Solubility

   7. Solubility & Complex Ion Formation

   8. Electrolytes

 

Redox Reactions

   1. Introduction

   2. Oxidation Numbers

   3. Balancing Redox Reactions

   4. Standard Reduction Potential E0

   5. Galvanic Cells (aka Voltaic Cells, Electrochemical Cells)

   6. E0 Gibbs Free Energy & Equilibrium Constants

   7. Nernst Equation and Concentration Cells

   8. Summary: Formulas for Full Balanced Redox Reactions

   9. Electrochemical Stoichiometry (Electrolysis)

   10. Detailed Discussion of some specific Batteries        (to be added)

 

Coordination Compounds

   1. Electron Configurations for Transition Metal Cations

   2. Coordinate Covalent Bond

   3. Coordination Complexes

   4. Geometry and Geometric Isomers

   5.  Color and Magnetism for Coordination Complexes

 

Nuclear Chemistry

   1. Introduction

   2. Binding Energy of a Nucleus

   3. General Features of Stable Nuclei

   4. Some Important Types of Radioactive Decay

   5. Radioactive Decay (Quantitative)

 

Organic Compounds & Line Drawings (see General Chemistry 1)

 

Organic Chemistry

   1. Functional Groups

   2. Nomenclature

   3. Oxidation of Alchohols

   4. Carboxylic Acids & Alcohols React to form Esters

   5. Tryglycerides & Fatty Acids

   6. Chirality in Organic Compounds

 

Polymers & Biopolymers 

   1. Synthetic Organic Polymers

   2. Amino Acids & Proteins

   3. Why is Kevlar so strong?

   4. Polysaccharides (also called Carbohydrates)